Surface Mining Techniques used in the Oil Sands Oil

Surface Mining Techniques used in the Oil Sands Oil

Surface mining is defined as the extraction of ore from an open pit or burrow. Surface mining is sometimes known as open-pit open-cut or open-cast mining and is only commercially viable if the deposit is located relative close to the surface. Less than 20 of Alberta s bitumen reserves are close enough to the surface to be mined.

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Design of Surface Mine Haulage RoadsA Manual

Design of Surface Mine Haulage RoadsA Manual

Design of Surface Mine Haulage RoadsA Manual By Walter W. Kaufman and James C. Ault ABSTRACT This Bureau of Mines manual for design of surface mine haulage roads covers such aspects of haulage road design as road alignment (both vertical and horizontal) construction materials cross slope and drainage provisions.

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Unconventional Oil Exploration Part 5 Oil Sands

Unconventional Oil Exploration Part 5 Oil Sands

Shallow deposits can be extracted using open pit mining but most oil sand reserves are located too far underground and require unconventional technologies such as steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) and other in-situ techniques to extract and separate the oil. In the SAGD process two wells are drilled one on top of the other.

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Crude Oil Extraction and Drilling Methods CAPP

Crude Oil Extraction and Drilling Methods CAPP

This is accomplished by heating the bitumen so it becomes fluid enough that it can be pumped to the surface. There are several ways to heat bitumen below ground. Both of the commonly used methodsSAGD and CSSuse large volumes of water and burn natural gas to create steam that is injected into the oil sands deposit.

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Athabasca oil sandsWikipedia

Athabasca oil sandsWikipedia

Only 20 percent of bitumen can be extracted using open pit mining methods which involves large scale excavation of the land with huge hydraulic power shovels and 400-ton heavy hauler trucks. Surface mining leaves toxic tailings ponds. In contrast in situ uses more specialized techniques such as steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD).

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Oil Sands Mining Student Energy

Oil Sands Mining Student Energy

There are two different methods of producing oil from oil sands open-pit mining and in situ. Bitumen that is close to the surface (less than 75 metres) is mined. Approximately 20 of oil sands are recoverable through open-pit mining. Bitumen is extremely thick and too heavy to flow or be pumped

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Open Cast MiningYouTube

Open Cast MiningYouTube

Oct 02 2015 · This is a very basic idea of how the Open Pit Mining process takes place. This was a very new mine when the footage was shot and using very small machines.

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Open Pit Miningan overview ScienceDirect Topics

Open Pit Miningan overview ScienceDirect Topics

Strip mining is the process of mining a seam of mineral by removing a long strip of overlying soil and rock. Strip mining is a practical type of mining when the ore body that is to be extracted is near the surface. Open-pit mining is the process of extracting rock or minerals from the earth through their removal from an open pit or borrow.

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What are tar sands American Geosciences Institute

What are tar sands American Geosciences Institute

Open-pit miningif tar sands are found near the surface as in Alberta Canada they can be mined directlymuch like open-pit coal miningand then transferred to an extraction plant where the bitumen can be separated from the sand clay and water.

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pwc 2012 Americas School of Mines

pwc 2012 Americas School of Mines

Open pit mining Mining Methods 5 Open pit mines are used to exploit low grade shallow ore bodies. However some pits are quite deepabout 1 km. The mining rate is greater than 20 000 tonnes per day (tpd) but is usually much greater. Some pits operate at a rate of more than 100 000 tpd Open pit mining results in two waste streams waste

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2. Mining MethodsCopper

2. Mining MethodsCopper

Open pit mining is a technique used to extract copper ore near the earth s surface. Open pit mining is the most widely used technique of mining copper today. It is accomplished by creating and using benches or terraces to gradually reach deeper under the earth s surface.

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Rubber-modified bitumen materials for open-pit enterprises

Rubber-modified bitumen materials for open-pit enterprises

Rubber-modified bitumen materials for open-pit enterprises has belonged to open-pit mining which is the most and safest method. The scale of open-pit mining is increasing both through an increased intensity of work at quarries and through the development of fields lying at depths of 300 m or more. As a result of this there has been

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Tar sandsEarthly Issues

Tar sandsEarthly Issues

Tar Sands Open Pit Mining Alberta Canada. After mining the tar sands are transported to an extraction plant where a hot water process separates the bitumen from sand water and minerals. The separation takes place in separation cells. Hot water is added to the sand and the resulting slurry is piped to the extraction plant where it is

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This meme features an image of a copper mine not a

This meme features an image of a copper mine not a

May 22 2019 · A meme shared repeatedly since 2016 contrasts a large lithium mine with a small oil sands extraction site in order to denounce the environmental impact of lithium mining for electric car batteries. However the top photo shows a copper mine in Chile and the majority of lithium is

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Mining for Bitumen Oil Sands Magazine

Mining for Bitumen Oil Sands Magazine

Although exact circuit configurations vary among the operations a typical oil sands mining facility consists of the following unit operations an open-pit (or surface) mine. a bitumen production circuit where the bitumen is separated from the solids and water. a tailings storage facility or pond where solids are stored and process water is

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Company plans to strip mine oil sands in northwest Alabama

Company plans to strip mine oil sands in northwest Alabama

MS Industries intends to recover bitumen exclusively through open pit mining eschewing the more controversial method of injecting steam into wells to liquefy it and pump it to the surface.

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Reading Open-Pit Mining GeologyLumen Learning

Reading Open-Pit Mining GeologyLumen Learning

Extraction Get Price
Oil Sands Extraction and Processing Natural Resources Canada

Oil Sands Extraction and Processing Natural Resources Canada

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What are Tar Sands Sierra Club

What are Tar Sands Sierra Club

Tar sands are recovered in two ways either by surface mining (strip or open pit mining) or by un-derground extraction. The most destructive method is surface mining. Companies clear cut the forest bulldoze and remove the topsoil to get at the tar sands. Large hydraulic shovels dig and load the heavy soil onto enormous trucks.

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Extraction of Resources Geology

Extraction of Resources Geology

Open-Pit Mining. Open-pit mining or open-cast mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow.. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunneling into the earth such as long wall mining.

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Open-pit miningWikipedia

Open-pit miningWikipedia

Open-pit open-cast or open cut mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow.. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunnelling into the earth such as long wall mining.Open-pit mines are used when deposits of commercially useful ore or rocks are found near the surface.

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Oil Sands Water Treatment and Recovery Solutions

Oil Sands Water Treatment and Recovery Solutions

Open Pit Oil Sands Mining. The term "oil sands" is actually a bit of a misnomer. The deposits are saturated with a tarlike substance known as bitumen. A great deal of processing is required to separate this bitumen from the associated soil and other debris.

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BITUMEN IN NIGERIA

BITUMEN IN NIGERIA

Open pit surface mining of bitumen in Canada. This aerial image shows a massive open pit surface mine in Alberta Canada. The foreground of the image shows the remnants of the boreal forest that was re-moved across the site. This middle ground of the image shows an active mining pit while the background shows a tailing pond

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Mining Technology for Natural Bitumen and Heavy Oil

Mining Technology for Natural Bitumen and Heavy Oil

1. Mining Technology for Natural Bitumen and Heavy Oil Proposed methods for recovery of heavy oil from reservoirs and bitumen from tar sand deposits are based either on in situ processes or on mining combined with some further processing or operation on the tar sands in situ. The typical in situ recovery methods

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Tar sandsEarthly Issues

Tar sandsEarthly Issues

Tar Sands Open Pit Mining Alberta Canada. After mining the tar sands are transported to an extraction plant where a hot water process separates the bitumen from sand water and minerals. The separation takes place in separation cells. Hot water is added to the sand and the resulting slurry is piped to the extraction plant where it is

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Oil Sands Processes Natural Resources Canada

Oil Sands Processes Natural Resources Canada

Open Pit Mining. After identifying the potential source of bitumen the area is cleaned and overburden is removed to ensure the smooth and continuous recovery of oil sands. Once the land is cleaned it is ready to mine. The first step is to collect the oil sands ore from the ground and transport it to a crushing facility.

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Oil Sands Water Treatment and Recovery Solutions

Oil Sands Water Treatment and Recovery Solutions

Open Pit Oil Sands Mining. The term "oil sands" is actually a bit of a misnomer. The deposits are saturated with a tarlike substance known as bitumen. A great deal of processing is required to separate this bitumen from the associated soil and other debris.

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12.10 Open-Pit MiningGeosciences LibreTexts

12.10 Open-Pit MiningGeosciences LibreTexts

Open-pit mining or open-cast mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunneling into the earth such as long wall mining.

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BITUMEN IN NIGERIA

BITUMEN IN NIGERIA

Open pit surface mining of bitumen in Canada. This aerial image shows a massive open pit surface mine in Alberta Canada. The foreground of the image shows the remnants of the boreal forest that was re-moved across the site. This middle ground of the image shows an active mining pit while the background shows a tailing pond

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Open Pit Mining Methodspasticceriamariuccia

Open Pit Mining Methodspasticceriamariuccia

Reading Open-Pit Mining GeologyLumen Learning. Open-pit mining or open-cast mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow.. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunneling into the earth such as long wall mining.

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(PDF) A New Method for Haul Road Design in Open-Pit Mines

(PDF) A New Method for Haul Road Design in Open-Pit Mines

The design of a haul road for an open-pit mine can significantly affect the cost associated with hauling ore and waste to the surface. This study proposes a new method for haul road design in open

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Open-Pit Mining Methods

Open-Pit Mining Methods

Open-pit mining methods are applicable to mining ore deposits that apex at or near the surface. If the deposit apexes below the surface the overburden and barren capping overlying the ore must be removed in advance of open-pit mining. The removal of this material is known as stripping.

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Oil Sands2B1st Consulting

Oil Sands2B1st Consulting

– Open-pit-mining if the deposit is on the surfaceIn-situ or drilling if the deposit is stocked underground as conventional crude. The method is selected in respect with the depth of the reserves. In Canada about 3 of the 140 000 square kilometers of land contain mineable deposit the other 97 will require the in-situ approach.

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Guest Blog Post Why mining of Canada s tar sands is worrying

Guest Blog Post Why mining of Canada s tar sands is worrying

Feb 07 2019 · The viscous nature with the combination of clay sand water and bitumen makes mining of the tar sands difficult. Deposits of tar sand near the surface can be extracted by open-pit mining.

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Heavy oil and tar ar sands Britannica

Heavy oil and tar ar sands Britannica

The bitumen in tar sands can be recovered by surface mining. Open-pit mining methods can be employed where thick deposits occur near the surface. Earth-moving equipment is used to strip and stockpile the topsoil remove and dispose of the overburden and excavate the tar sand. The recovery

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Reading Mining Geology

Reading Mining Geology

Open-Pit Mining. Open-pit mining or open-cast mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow.. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunneling into the earth such as long wall mining.

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